The town was built shortly after the year one thousand as a possession of the Abbey of San Salvatore al Monte Amiata, and then passed under the control of Siena as early as the beginning of the thirteenth century.
The Montelaterone Walls make up the defense system of the homonymous village in the municipality of Arcidosso.
A protection of the village was built with a first wall  erected in the eleventh century.
View of Montelaterone from Zancona