The complex was built by Leonardo Ximenes in 1765, during the reclamation work of the Maremma Grosseto, which in this area had to lead to the drainage of the old Lake Prile, or Lake Castiglione, through an imposing engineering work of Funnel.
The Ximenes was instructed to carry out the work of reclamation by the Dukes of Lorraine, whose works were definitively concluded only in the 1950s of the last century.
The construction of the Red House was intended solely for the control of the flow of water between the large marsh area and the nearby Tyrrhenian Sea.
The Casa Rossa Ximenes presents itself as a characteristic architectural complex consisting of a main body of factory that rests on a structure with three arches, under which the waters passing by the Botrona Disteel tend to flow towards the sea. The main factory body, which is articulated on two levels, is against on each side to another factory body.
On the two levels of the main factory body open a series of quadrangular-shaped windows, each of which is separated from the one adjoined by a pilaster that crosses the entire façade vertically; There is only one buffered window on the lateral factory bodies with a lower level. On the southern side of the complex there is a five-order bridge of arches that joins the area of the architectural complex to the swamp area facing.
Under the main body of the building there is the system of floodgates designed by Leonardo Ximenes to allow to control the flow of water.
Inside the architectural complex is hosted the multimedia Museum of the Red House Ximenes.